WACA has been closely following the uprisings occurring across the Middle East and Northern Africa and all the way to Wisconsin USA. People around the world are beginning to call for an end to the corruption and collusion (as revealed in part by Wikileaks cables and by their own leaders despotic actions) and are now demanding openness, transparency and real participatory democracy. For some this has come with relative peacefulness but for others it has become a bloody battle.

While Libya has been the focus of the mainstream media (although it wasn’t when Mo was streaming out of an office in Libya in February), the uprising in Bahrain, Yemen and Algeria began even before Libya’s brave stance. Below is a recent article and links to a detailed report by Amnesty International on the brutality the people of Bahrain are facing.

WACA hopes that freedom from oppressive entrenched leaders comes soon for the people of MENA and we hope they are not too disappointed when they get to the other side and discover democracy does not necessarily mean an end to the vigilance required to protect civil liberties and human rights, as the people of Wisconsin USA have recently discovered.

17 March 2011
by Amnesty International

Amnesty International today revealed evidence of the Bahraini security forces’ systematic use of excessive force in cracking down against protesters,as fresh violence left as many as eight people dead.

Protests in Bahrain have centred around the Pearl Roundabout in the capital, Manama © Amnesty International

In a new report released today, Bloodied but Unbowed: Unwarranted State Violence against Bahraini Protesters, the organization documents how security forces used live ammunition and extreme force against protesters in February without warning and impeded and assaulted medical staff trying to help the wounded.

The report, which is based on first hand testimonies given to an Amnesty International team in Bahrain, comes as the country is gripped by further violence, after Saudi Arabian and UAE forces entered the small Gulf state three days ago and Bahrain’s King declared a national state of emergency.

“It is alarming to see the Bahraini authorities now again resorting to the same tactics that they used against protesters in February but on an even more intensive scale,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“It appears that the government has decided that the way to deal with protests is through violent repression, a totally unsustainable position and one which sets an ominous example in a region where other governments are also facing popular calls for change.”

“The authorities must exercise proper control over the security forces, uphold and protect the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, including the right to peaceful protest.”

Dr Hani Mowafi, a US medical doctor who was part of the Amnesty International team, found a pattern of fatal and serious injuries during February’s violence showing that the security forces used live ammunition at close range, and apparently targeted protesters’ heads, chests and abdomens. They also fired medium-to-large calibre bullets from high-powered rifles on 18 February.

The worst violence before today took place early on the morning of 17 February, when five people were killed. Witnesses told Amnesty International that, in scenes that would be repeated on 16 March, tanks blocked access to the Pearl Roundabout as police used shotguns as well as tear gas, batons and rubber bullets to disperse protesters, many of whom were camping there.

One witness told Amnesty International that on 17 February riot police were shooting from different angles, including from a bridge over the roundabout, while protesters desperately ran for cover.

Among the injured were people clearly identifiable as medical workers, who were targeted by police while trying to help wounded protesters at or near the roundabout.

On 3 March Bahrain’s Minister of Social Development, visiting London, told Amnesty International that the Bahraini government was holding an investigation into the killings that would report directly to the King, and that two members of the security forces had been taken into custody. Amnesty International is calling for an independent investigation that is both thorough and transparent.

“All the actions of the security forces against protesters since February must be fully and independently investigated. Those responsible for ordering and unleash lethal force against peaceful protesters must be identified and held to account.”

“There must be no impunity for unlawful killings, assaults and other abuses against both protesters and medical staff.”

Amnesty International has identified some of the ammunition found in the aftermath of the raid on Pearl Roundabout on 17 February.

They include US-made tear gas canisters, US-made 37mm rubber multi-baton rounds, French-made tear gas grenades, and French-made rubber “dispersion” grenades, which fragment into 18 pieces and produce a loud sound effect.

Amnesty International called on governments who supply weapons to Bahrain to immediately suspend the transfer of weapons, munitions and related equipment that could be used to commit further human rights violations, and to urgently review all arms supplies and training support to Bahrain’s military, security and police forces.

Following the Bahraini security forces’ use of unwarranted force against protesters, the UK government revoked some licences for arms exports to Bahrain, and the French authorities have suspended the export of security equipment to Bahrain.

Read some of the powerful witness testimonies contained in the report.

Bahrain: Bloodied but unbowed: Unwarranted state violence against Bahraini protesters

  • Download: PDF

Index Number: MDE 11/009/2011

Date Published: 17 March 2011

Categories: Bahrain


Mass peaceful protests demanding political reform have shaken the Gulf state of Bahrain since mid-February. In response, the security forces initially sought to suppress the protests with brutality, killing seven protesters, injuring hundreds of others and assaulting paramedics. Proper, transparent investigations that ensure accountability and justice for the victims, and a strong government commitment to respect human rights are needed now.

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